The history of “regional integration” in Southern Africa is unfortunate. Southern Rhodesia dominated Northern Rhodesia and Nyasaland in the Central African Federation in the 1950s; SA lorded it over the former high commission territories (Botswana, Lesotho and Swaziland) in the Southern African Customs Union from 1910 to 1992; and when regional countries had formed their own bloc to counter apartheid hegemony via the Southern African Development Co-ordination Conference from 1980, they encountered crude military, political and economic destabilisation by Pretoria. No wonder “regional integration” in Southern Africa has gone out of fashion, to be replaced by a much wider focus on “region building”.
- Region-building in Southern Africa : Progress, problems and prospects edited by Chris Saunders, Gwinyayi A Dzinesa, Dawn Nagar
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